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Respiratory Mnemonics

The best resp mnemonics for medical student finals, OSCEs and MRCP

Causes of upper zone pulmonary fibrosis (A TEA SHOP)

  • ABPA
  • TB
  • Extrinsic allergic alveolitis
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Histiocytosis
  • Occupational (silicosis, berylliosis)
  • Pneumoconiosis (coal-worker’s)

Aspiration of foreign body (which bronchus is more vertical)

  • Inhale a bite, goes down right

Features of a life-threatening asthma attack (A CHEST)

  • Arrhythmia/ Altered conscious level
  • Cyanosis, PaCO2 normal
  • Hypotension, Hypoxia (PaO2<8kPa, SpO2 <92%)
  • Exhaustion
  • Silent chest
  • Threatening PEF < 33% best or predicted (in those >5yrs old)