How can you distinguish the jugular venous pulse (JVP) from the carotid arterial pulse?
|Positional change||Varies with position||No variation|
|Respiration||Descends with inspiration||No variation|
|Effect of palpation||Impulse non-palpable, pressure occludes pulse and vein refills from above||Impulse palpable and non-compressible|
|Abdominal pressure (hepatojugular reflux)||Elevates pulse||No change|
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